For the past 20 years, researchers have investigated the use of eye tracking in security applications. We present a holistic view on gaze-based security applications. In particular, we canvassed the literature and classify the utility of gaze in security applications into a) authentication, b) privacy protection, and c) gaze monitoring during security critical tasks. This allows us to chart several research directions, most importantly 1) conducting field studies of implicit and explicit gaze-based authentication due to recent advances in eye tracking, 2) research on gaze-based privacy protection and gaze monitoring in security critical tasks which are under-investigated yet very promising areas, and 3) understanding the privacy implications of pervasive eye tracking. We discuss the most promising opportunities and most pressing challenges of eye tracking for security that will shape research in gaze-based security applications for the next decade.



katsini2020chi.jpg Christina Katsini, Yasmeen Abdrabou, George E. Raptidis, Mohamed Khamis und Florian Alt. The Role of Eye Gaze in Security and Privacy Applications:Survey and Future HCI Research Directions. In Proceedings of the 2020 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems. CHI '20. ACM, New York, NY, USA. [Download Bibtex] [Video]