Welcome to the Chair of Signal Processing
and the Munich Center for Space Communications


Prof. Dr.-Ing. Andreas Knopp, MBA
University of the Bundeswehr Munich
Chair of Signal Processing
Werner-Heisenberg-Weg 39
D-85579 Neubiberg





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Completion of the study "Responsive Space Capabilities of the Bundeswehr (RSCBw)

Berlin, February 15, 2024 - The first study "Responsive Space Capabilities of the Bundeswehr (RSCBw)" has been successfully completed with the handover of the final report to the Bundeswehr Planning Office. Responsive space is becoming increasingly important with the ever greater reliance of services on space infrastructure and, particularly in the context of the global political tension and threat situation, is consequently occupying decision-makers in politics and the Bundeswehr.
In the one-year so-called non-technical study, the foundations for the conception and development of Responsive Space capabilities in the Bundeswehr were developed. In cooperation with the consulting firm Strategy&, our experts from the Space Research Center (FZ Space) at the University of the Bundeswehr Munich contributed their broad and in-depth knowledge of all space disciplines. The experience gained by our experts in the dtec.bw project "Seamless Radio Access Network for Internet of Space (SeRANIS)" is a particular added value.
The SeRANIS small satellite mission pursues an innovative approach to accelerating space processes and is therefore considered a flagship project with regard to the rapid in-orbit delivery of space assets.The experience gained is already paving the way for the future development of the Responsive Space capability. With great interest on the part of the Bundeswehr's users and users of space infrastructure and with the attention of the Federal Ministry of Defense, clear recommendations for action were formulated at the end of the study, thus laying the foundation for the development of a Responsive Space capability for the Bundeswehr.
We look forward to supporting the Bundeswehr in a possible next phase, which could then deal with the implementation of a demonstrator.

The importance of space systems for the future

February 15, 2024: The New Space Symposium of the BDI's New Space Initiative, chaired by Matthias Wachter, took place for the third time in the run-up to the Munich Security Conference.
During the symposium, the strategic importance of space was discussed with more than 100 representatives from the NewSpace ecosystem. In addition to the panel with the Federal Government Coordinator for German Aerospace Dr. Anna Christmann, a second panel was held with Michael Vetter, Lieutenant General GAF and CIO of the German Bundeswehr, as well as Professor Andreas Knopp, Chairman of the SPACE Research Center at University of the Bundeswehr Munich.
In the second panel, General Vetter reported on the structuring of the innovation ecosystem and the latest developments for more agility and innovative strength as well as the better use of external innovations from the private sector. The new instrument of "innovation corridors", for example, creates the opportunity to provide financial support for innovations over a longer period of time. To this end, the cyber agency is testing new models for promoting innovation through ideas competitions and the promotion of parallel competing solutions at various stages of the innovation process. Similar to the Cyber Innovation Hub, which stands for the rapid availability of IT solutions through the use of dual-use potential, there should be a further innovation unit for space technologies. This idea was also emphasized by the BR Space Commissioner, who has included the term "Space Innovation Hub" in the space strategy. In this context, General Vetter emphasized the importance of the small satellite mission SeRANIS, with which the Bundeswehr will make new capabilities available in low earth orbit for the first time in an agile process.
Prof. Knopp emphasized in his speech that many ideas and concepts of a Space Innovation Hub are already being tested and implemented at the SPACE Research Center (FZ SPACE). Last but not least, the deep-tech satellite mission SeRANIS is a flagship project for technology and capability testing in the German Armed Forces. For many years, FZ SPACE has established itself as a nucleus for space innovations with a dual-use character.
The panel then discussed various aspects and challenges of integrating innovative start-ups into the Bundeswehr's capability portfolio. The flexibilization of innovation and procurement processes is of particular importance here, with FZ SPACE contributing important experience from its own projects with the Bundeswehr. In particular, the early use of research results from the outstanding national research institutions in terms of product development by industry is currently not yet sufficiently possible. In the subsequent round of questions, investors emphasized that the financing of innovations is only possible if a reliable customer base can also be guaranteed in the defence department.

Satellite network for mobile communications

January, 2024: Few topics have received more attention in recent years than the integration of satellites in mobile communication systems. Recent research works focus on the so-called "direct-to-cell" connectivity, i.e. the direct connection between unmodified cell phones and satellites. Distributed beamforming technology - where a swarm of satellites calculates how it can best direct its signal to a particular receiver without interfering with other receivers - is one of the most important areas of research in this field. Three of our experts from the University of the Bundeswehr Munich, Chair of Signal Processing were interviewed on this topic for the renowned IEEE Spectrum magazine: PhD student Diego Tuzi, Dr. Thomas Delamotte (Team Leader for Digital Satellite Payloads & Satellite Monitoring) and Prof. Andreas Knopp (Director of the Chair for Signal Processing).
The article "Satellites are becoming the New Cellphone Towers" by journalist Lucas Laursens contains the most important facts about the latest developments in this field and discusses the upcoming challenges for research.
You can find the whole article under the following link: https://spectrum.ieee.org/satellite-cellphone-starlink
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