History

History

[In 2013, Prof. Wuensche gave a presentation on the history of automated driving that also covered research work at other institutes and companies.]

Since the foundation of the "Institut fuer Systemdynamik und Flugmechanik" (ISF, more precisely its predecessor WE 13a in 1975) E.D. Dickmanns established real-time machine vision for vehicle guidance as one of the long-term research goals. Processing of single images was in use at that time for remote sensing, requiring hours of computer time on large mainframes or powerful mini-computers (16-bit); 8-bit microprocessors were just around the corner. But rapid progress was to be expected (doubling performance every 18 months, "Moore's Law").

After getting started at the newly founded university, buildings and laboratories became ready for research in 1978. Simulations on a PDP 61 were the first steps until the new Computer Generated Image (CGI-) system "Picture System 2" from Evans & Sutherland became available, which for the first time used special hardware for homogeneous coordinate transformations for image computation (4 x 4 matrix multiplications). This technique was to become a determinant in our approach to machine vision.

 

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