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beamer_intro.tex

beamer_intro.tex — TeX document, 21 kB (21.971 bytes)

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%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% HEADER FOR HANDOUT
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%\documentclass[a4paper]{article}
%\usepackage[envcountsect]{beamerarticle}
%\mode<article>{\usepackage{fullpage}}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% HEADER FOR PRESENTATION
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\documentclass{beamer}
\mode<presentation> {
  \usetheme{Warsaw}
  \setbeamercovered{transparent}
  \useoutertheme{shadow}
  \useoutertheme{infolines}
  \useinnertheme{rounded}
  \setbeamertemplate{theorems}[numbered]
  \setbeamertemplate{bibliography item}[text]
  \usecolortheme{rose}
}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%  PACKAGES
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\usepackage[english]{babel}
\usepackage[latin1]{inputenc}
\usepackage{amsmath,amssymb}
\usepackage[T1]{fontenc}
\usepackage{graphicx}
\usepackage{times}
\usepackage{curves}
\usepackage{verbatim}
\usepackage{multimedia}
\usepackage{mathptm}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%  TITLE, AUTHOR, ADDRESS
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\title[Introduction to Beamer]{Introduction to Beamer}
\subtitle{}
\author[M. Gerdts]{Matthias Gerdts}
\institute[The University of Birmingham]{%
  \includegraphics[scale=1.5]{LOGOS/BirminghamUniv.jpg}
  \hspace*{10pt}\includegraphics[scale=0.235]{LOGOS/bham_aula.jpg}

  School of Mathematics\\
  The University of Birmingham\\
  gerdtsm@maths.bham.ac.uk\\
  http://web.mat.bham.ac.uk/M.Gerdts
}
\date{May 2008}
\logo{\includegraphics[scale=0.2]{LOGOS/University_logo.jpg}\hspace*{5pt}\includegraphics[scale=0.3]{LOGOS/University-of-Birmingham-logo.jpg}}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
%  BEGIN OF DOCUMENT
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{document}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
% TITLEPAGE
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
  \titlepage
\end{frame}
\begin{frame}
  \frametitle{Contents}
  \tableofcontents[pausesections,shaded]
%  \tableofcontents
\end{frame}
% TABLE OF CONTENTS AT BEGIN OF EACH SECTION
\AtBeginSection[]{
  \begin{frame}<beamer>
    \frametitle{Current Section}
    \tableofcontents[currentsection]
  \end{frame}}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\section{Introduction}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
   \frametitle{Creating Presentations in {\sc Beamer}}

    {\color{blue}What is {\sc Beamer}?}
    \begin{itemize}
    \item
        {\sc Beamer} is a \LaTeX document class designed for presentations
    \item
        {\sc Beamer} can also be used to create reports from
        presentations (useful for handouts or scripts, which can be created 
        automatically)
    \item
        \LaTeX based (all common \LaTeX commands can be used)
    \item
        pictures, movies, animations etc can be included
    \item
        easy to use and extremely powerful with a wide range of different 
        styles and themes available
    \item
        advanced users can redefine and adjust almost every detail in order
        to meet personal preferences
    \end{itemize}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
    \frametitle{Creating PDF}

    {\color{blue}Creating a PDF file:}
    \begin{itemize}
    \item
        use {\ttfamily pdflatex filename} to create a PDF file
    \item
        {\ttfamily pdflatex} allows to use the graphic formats .pdf,
        .jpg, .png
    \item
        {\ttfamily pdflatex} does not support .ps, .eps
    \end{itemize}

    {\color{blue} Download:}
    \begin{itemize}
    \item
      {\sc Beamer} comes with most standard \LaTeX installations
    \item
      if not: (GNU Public License) 
      {\ttfamily http://sourceforge.net/projects/latex-beamer/}
    \end{itemize}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\section{Structure of a Beamer Document}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}[allowframebreaks]
    \frametitle{Beamer Presentation: Header}

{\color{blue}Documentclass, mode, and theme:}\\[12pt]

{\scriptsize\ttfamily
   \textbackslash documentclass\{beamer\}\\
   \textbackslash mode<presentation> \{\\
   \qquad\textbackslash usetheme\{Warsaw\}\\
   \qquad\textbackslash useoutertheme\{infolines\}\\
   \qquad\textbackslash useinnertheme\{rounded\}\\
   \qquad\textbackslash setbeamercovered\{transparent\}\\
   \qquad\textbackslash setbeamertemplate\{theorems\}[numbered]\\
   \qquad\textbackslash usecolortheme\{rose\}\\
\}\\[12pt]
}


{\small\alert{alternative themes:} Frankfurt, Berlin, Bergen,Boadilla, Madrid, AnnArbor, Pittsburgh, Rochester,Antibes,JuanLesPins,  \ldots\\
\alert{alternative color themes:} seahorse, structure, albatross, beetle, crane, dove, fly, seagull, wolverine,  \ldots\\[12pt]
}

\pagebreak

{\color{blue}Including packages:}\\[12pt]

{\scriptsize\ttfamily
\textbackslash usepackage\{amsmath,amssymb\}\\[12pt]
}

{\color{blue}Defining a titlepage:}\\[12pt]

{\scriptsize\ttfamily
\textbackslash titlepage\\
\textbackslash title[short title]\{title\}\\
\textbackslash subtitle\{...\}\\
\textbackslash author[short]\{name1 \textbackslash inst\{1\}
\textbackslash and name2 \textbackslash inst\{2\}\}\\
\textbackslash institute[short]\{\textbackslash inst\{1\} institute1
\textbackslash and \textbackslash inst\{2\} institute2\} \\
\textbackslash date\{...\}\\
\textbackslash logo\{...\}\\[12pt]
}

{\color{blue}Main document:}\\[12pt]

{\scriptsize\ttfamily
\textbackslash begin\{document\}\\

\qquad presentation \\

\textbackslash end\{document\}
}

\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame} 
  \frametitle{General Structure of a Presentation}

  {\scriptsize\ttfamily

    header \\[12pt]

\textbackslash begin\{document\}\\[12pt]

\quad \textbackslash section\{Section 1\}\\[12pt]

\quad \textbackslash begin\{frame\}\\
\qquad \textbackslash frametitle\{My first slide\}\\[12pt]
\qquad a single slide \\[12pt]
\quad \textbackslash end\{frame\} \\[12pt]

\textbackslash end\{document\}
}

\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
    \frametitle{Creating Handout from Presentation}

{\color{blue}Documentclass, mode, and theme:}\\[12pt]

{\scriptsize\ttfamily
   \textbackslash documentclass[a4paper]\{article\}\\
   \textbackslash usepackage[envcountsect]\{beamerarticle\}\\
   \textbackslash mode<article> \{\\
   \qquad\textbackslash usepackage\{fullpage\}\\
\}\\[12pt]
}

{\color{blue}Then:} include packages, define titlepage, \ldots \\[12pt]

{\color{blue}Main document:}\\[12pt]

{\scriptsize\ttfamily
\textbackslash begin\{document\}\\[12pt]

\qquad presentation \\[12pt]

\textbackslash end\{document\} }

\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\section{Structuring Documents}
\subsection{Frames}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}[allowframebreaks]
    \frametitle{Frame Environment}

    {\color{blue}A single slide is defined as follows:}\\[24pt]

{\ttfamily
    \textbackslash begin\{frame\}\\
    \qquad \textbackslash frametitle\{title\}\\[12pt]
    \qquad \textbackslash framesubtitle\{subtitle\}\\[12pt]

       \qquad content in standard LaTeX notion\\[12pt]

    \textbackslash end\{frame\}
}

\vspace*{12pt} 
{\color{blue} Remark:} only those contents are displayed which fit on a 
single page

    \pagebreak

    {\color{blue}Slides with (automatic) pagebreaks are defined as
    follows:}\\[24pt]

{\ttfamily
    \textbackslash begin\{frame\}[allowframebreaks]\\
    \qquad\textbackslash frametitle\{title\}\\[12pt]    
    \qquad \textbackslash framesubtitle\{subtitle\}\\[12pt]

       \qquad content in standard LaTeX notion\\[12pt]

    \textbackslash end\{frame\}\\[24pt]
}

    The {\ttfamily \textbackslash newpage} or 
    {\ttfamily \textbackslash pagebreak} commands can be used
    to enforce a pagebreak at a specified position.

\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\subsection{Sections and Subsections}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
    \frametitle{Structuring}


    The commands\\[12pt]

    {\ttfamily
      \textbackslash part\{title\}\\
      \textbackslash section\{title\} \\
      \textbackslash subsection\{title\}\\[12pt]
    }

    known from LaTeX can be used to structure the presentation.
    These commands can be used {\color{blue}outside} of the frame environment.
    The solely purpose is to create an entry in the {\color{blue}table of
    contents}.

\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\subsection{Table of Contents}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}[allowframebreaks]
    \frametitle{Table of Contents}

    {\color{blue}Table of contents -- all at once:} \\[12pt]

    {\ttfamily\scriptsize
    \textbackslash begin\{frame\}\\
    \qquad \textbackslash frametitle\{Contents\}\\[12pt]
    \qquad \textbackslash tableofcontents\\[12pt]
    \textbackslash end\{frame\}\\[12pt]
    }

    {\color{blue}Table of contents -- with pause:}\\[12pt]

    {\ttfamily\scriptsize
    \textbackslash begin\{frame\}\\
    \qquad \textbackslash frametitle\{Contents\}\\[12pt]
    \qquad \textbackslash tableofcontents[pausesections,shaded]\\[12pt]
    \textbackslash end\{frame\}
    }

\pagebreak

    {\color{blue}Table of contents -- displayed at begin of each
    section:}\\[12pt]

    {\ttfamily\scriptsize
    \textbackslash AtBeginSection[] \{\\
    \textbackslash begin\{frame\}<beamer>\\
    \qquad \textbackslash frametitle\{Current Section\}\\[12pt]
    \qquad \textbackslash tableofcontents[currentsection]\\[12pt]
    \textbackslash end\{frame\}\}
    }

\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\section{Theorems etc.}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}[allowframebreaks]
    \frametitle{Theorems, Definitions, Remarks, \ldots}

    Theorems, definitions, examples, \ldots can be defined as usual:
    \\[12pt]

    \begin{theorem}[This is a theorem]
        {\ttfamily\scriptsize
        \textbackslash begin\{theorem\}[This is a theorem] \\
        \qquad theorem  \\
        \textbackslash end\{theorem\}}
    \end{theorem}

    \begin{definition}[This is a definition]
        {\ttfamily\scriptsize
        \textbackslash begin\{definition\}[This is a definition]\\
        \qquad definition \\
        \textbackslash end\{definition\}}
    \end{definition}

    \begin{example}[This is an example]
        {\ttfamily\scriptsize
        \textbackslash begin\{example\}[This is an example] \\
        \qquad example \\
        \textbackslash end\{example\}}
    \end{example}

    \begin{proof}
        {\ttfamily\scriptsize
        \textbackslash begin\{proof\} \\
        \qquad proof \\
        \textbackslash end\{proof\}}
    \end{proof}

    \begin{block}{This is a block environment}
        {\ttfamily\scriptsize
        \textbackslash begin\{block\}\{This is a block environment\} \\
        \qquad text \\
        \textbackslash end\{block\}}
    \end{block}

\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\section{Overlays}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
    \frametitle{Overlays}

    In order to display parts of text step by step the command
    \alert{\ttfamily\textbackslash pause} can be used, e.g.

    \begin{itemize}
    \item
        2 is prime \pause
    \item
        3 is prime \pause
    \item
        4 is not prime \pause
    \end{itemize}

    \onslide<4->{
    {\color{blue}In \LaTeX:}\\[12pt]

    {\ttfamily\scriptsize
    \textbackslash begin\{itemize\}\\
    \textbackslash item 2 is prime \textbackslash pause\\
    \textbackslash item 3 is prime \textbackslash pause\\
    \textbackslash item 4 is not prime \\
    \textbackslash end\{itemize\}}}

\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
    \frametitle{Overlays}

In order to display items in an itemize or enumerate environment in
a specified order the command \alert{\ttfamily \textbackslash item<pages>}
can be used:

\begin{enumerate}
\item<1-> this text appears from the first slide on
\item<2-> this text appears from the second slide on
\item<3-> this text appears from the third slide on
\item<1-2> this text appears only on the first and second slide
\end{enumerate}

{\color{blue}In \LaTeX:} \\[12pt]

    {\ttfamily\scriptsize
    \textbackslash begin\{enumerate\}\\
    \alert{\textbackslash item<1->} this text appears from the first slide
    on\\
    \alert{\textbackslash item<2->} this text appears from the second slide
    on\\
    \alert{\textbackslash item<3->} this text appears from the third slide
    on\\
    \alert{\textbackslash item<1-2>} this text appears only on the first and second
    slide\\
    \textbackslash end\{enumerate\}}


\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
\frametitle{Overlays}

In order to display parts of the text in a specified order, the
commands \\
\alert{\ttfamily \textbackslash only<pagerange>\{\ldots\}} \\
\alert{\ttfamily \textbackslash onslide<pagerange>\{\ldots\}} \\
\alert{\ttfamily \textbackslash uncover<pagerange>\{\ldots\}} \\
can be used: \\[12pt]

\only<4->{
 {\ttfamily\scriptsize
    \textbackslash only<4->\{this text appears from slide 4 on\}
}\\[12pt]
}

\onslide<2-3,5>{
 {\ttfamily\scriptsize
    \textbackslash onslide<2-3,5>\{this text appears on slides 2,3,5 only\}
}\\[12pt]
}

\uncover<3->{
 {\ttfamily\scriptsize
    \textbackslash uncover<3->\{Text shown from slide 3 on.\} text occupies space on all
    other slides
} }

\vspace*{12pt} 
{\color{blue} Remark:} {\ttfamily \textbackslash only} does not occupy space 
while {\ttfamily \textbackslash uncover} does. 


\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
    \frametitle{Mode Specifications}

    It is possible to specify passages in the presentation depending on the 
    current mode \alert{\ttfamily<presentation>} or \alert{\ttfamily<handout>} 
    or \alert{\ttfamily<article>}:
    \begin{itemize}
    \item
      {\ttfamily\textbackslash only<article>\{This text only appears in 
        article mode\}}
    \item
      {\ttfamily\textbackslash begin\{frame\}<presentation> ... 
        \textbackslash end\{frame\}}
    \item
      {\ttfamily\textbackslash section<presentation>\{section only exists in 
        presentation mode\}}
    \end{itemize}


\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\section{Special Effects}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
    \frametitle{Highlighting, Colours, Fonts}

    \begin{itemize}
    \item
      {\ttfamily \textbackslash alert\{text\}} prints \alert{\ttfamily text}
      in \alert{red}.
    \item
      {\scriptsize\ttfamily \textbackslash setbeamerfont\{title\}\{shape=\textbackslash itshape,family=\textbackslash rmfamily\}}\\
      changes font for the title 
    \item
      {\scriptsize\ttfamily \textbackslash setbeamercolor\{normal text\}\{bg=red!20\}}\\
      changes colours for normal text
    \end{itemize}




\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\subsection{Style}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
    \frametitle{Adjusting the Style}

    Adjustments to the style of {\sc Beamer} can be done using the
    command\\[12pt]

    {\ttfamily
    \textbackslash setbeamertemplate\{beamer element\}[option]\{your definition\}}\\[12pt]

    {\ttfamily beamer element} denotes a template defined in {\sc Beamer} and 
    {\ttfamily your definition} denotes the assigned value to this template. 
    \\[12pt]

    {\color{blue}Example:}\\[12pt]


    {\ttfamily
    \textbackslash setbeamertemplate\{headline\}\{user defined
    headline\}} \\[12pt]

    can be used to define a new headline. 

    There are hundreds of
    templates that can be adjusted if desired.

\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\subsection{Movies}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
 \begin{frame}
   \frametitle{Movies and External Documents}


    Movies (or any document) can be included using the following
    command:
    \begin{center}
        \ttfamily \textbackslash href\{run:filename\}\{text or image\}
    \end{center}
    \alert{{\sc Beamer} does not handle external filetypes
    (.pdf,.mpg,.avi,.doc,\ldots) explicitly:}
    {\sc Beamer} just sends the command to the operating system and
    the application associated with the filetype is executed by the
    operating system


    {\color{blue}Example:}
    \begin{center}
        \href{run:manutecr3_vorne.mpg}{\includegraphics[scale=0.08]{manutecr3_vorne.jpg}}
    \end{center}

    {\ttfamily\scriptsize
        \textbackslash href\{run:manutecr3\_vorne.mpg\}\{\\
        \qquad\qquad\textbackslash includegraphics[scale=0.08]\{manutecr3\_vorne.jpg\}\}
    }
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
    \frametitle{Special Effects}

    \begin{itemize}
    \item
        it's possible to include movies (and even sound) inline using the 
        package \alert{\ttfamily movie15}; see 
        http://www.uoregon.edu/$\sim$noeckel/PDFmovie.html
    \item
        it's possible to include effects known from powerpoint presentations
        like slides coming from the left or right, top or bottom
    \end{itemize}

\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
    \frametitle{Special Effect: Slide Transition}

    \transdissolve

    This slide transition scheme obtained by the command (put inside of a 
    frame environment)\\[12pt]

    {\scriptsize\ttfamily
      \textbackslash transdissolve} 

\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\setbeamertemplate{background canvas}[vertical shading][top=blue,bottom=white]
\begin{frame}
    \frametitle{Special Effect: Shaded Background}


    This shading was obtained by the command (put outside of a frame)\\[12pt]

    {\scriptsize\ttfamily
      \textbackslash setbeamertemplate\{background canvas\}[vertical shading][
      top=blue,bottom=white]}     

\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\setbeamertemplate{background canvas}[vertical shading][top=white,bottom=white]
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\subsection{References}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
    \frametitle{References}

References can be added as usual using {\ttfamily \textbackslash
cite\{...\}}\\

\begin{thebibliography}{10}
\beamertemplatebookbibitems
%\beamertemplatearticlebibitems
\bibitem{Cla83}
{\sc F.~H. Clarke}, {\em Optimization and Nonsmooth Analysis}, John
Wiley \&
  Sons, New York, 1983.
\end{thebibliography}

\vspace*{12pt}
{\color{blue}In \LaTeX:}\\[12pt]
 {\ttfamily\scriptsize
\textbackslash begin\{thebibliography\}\{10\}\\
\textbackslash beamertemplatebookbibitems\\
\textbackslash bibitem\{Cla83\}\\
\{\textbackslash sc F.~H. Clarke\}, \{\textbackslash em Optimization
and Nonsmooth Analysis\}, John Wiley \& Sons, New York, 1983. \\
\textbackslash end\{thebibliography\}}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
    \frametitle{Appendix}

An appendix can be added as usual using {\ttfamily \textbackslash
appendix} outside of a frame environment. \\[12pt]

 {\ttfamily\scriptsize
\textbackslash appendix \\
\textbackslash section\{Appendix 1\}\\
\textbackslash begin\{frame\}\\[12pt]

\qquad content\\[12pt]

\textbackslash end\{frame\}}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
    \frametitle{And much more...}

    \begin{itemize}
    \item
      creating hyperlinks for jumping from slide to slide 
    \item
      zoom features for complicated graphics
    \item
      sound
    \item
      adding notes
    \item
      ...
    \end{itemize}

\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\begin{frame}
  \begin{center}
    \begin{picture}(200,50)
      \put(190,-10){\includegraphics[scale=0.35]{Stopschild.jpg}}
      \put(0,25){\begin{minipage}{8cm}
          \bf \large Thanks for your attention! \\

        \end{minipage}}
      \put(70,-100){\includegraphics[scale=0.4]{fragezeichen9.jpg} }
    \end{picture}
  \end{center}

  \vspace*{30pt}
  Questions?


  \vspace*{50pt}
  Further information:
  \begin{center}
    gerdtsm@maths.bham.ac.uk \\
    web.mat.bham.ac.uk/M.Gerdts
  \end{center}
\end{frame}
%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%%
\end{document}