Fauna - Flora

Geoscientific Spitsbergen-Expedition (SPE) 1990-1992

General Informations about Spitsbergen


Fauna and Flora

Most of Spitsbergen is under nature protection:
  • 3 national parks
  • 2 natur reserves
  • 2 flowers protection areas
  • 16 birds protection areas

Because the research area was situated in the national park Northwest-Spitsbergen, environment restrictions must be strictly adhered to.

The Fauna of Spitsbergen consists of:
  • polar bears,
  • polar foxes,
  • reindeers,
  • seals,
  • common seals,
  • walrusses,
  • whales,
  • snow grouses and
  • approx. 150 more bird breeds.

The Flora of Spitsbergen consists of approximately 170 species, under which exist various lichens and approximately 40 flower species. The maximum growth height is 15 cm.
Polar Bear

Polar Bear
(Ursus maritimus)
© 1991 Kleim

Green Map Lichen
(Rhizocarpon geographicum)
© 1991 Kleim
Polar Bears
Polar Foxes
Common Seals
Snow Grouses
approx. 150 more Bird Breeds
approx. 170 Species

thereunder various Lichens
and approx. 40 Flower Species

Maximum Growth Height = 15 cm
Nature Protection Areas
Spitsbergen - Nature Protection Areas
© 1995 Kleim


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In cooperation with the Norwegian Polar Institute (NPI), supported by the Alfred-Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research (AWI) and sponsored by the German Research Foundation (DFG) and the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF)